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What is Full form computer  :Careerfiesta

WHAT IS COMPUTER & ITS FULL FORM ?
WHAT IS COMPUTER & ITS FULL FORM ?

COMPUTER

computer the word which gives human a power. Do you sense this word is technical form related to any technology . Lets know about it ,” Computer is a machine which can be instructed to carry out different –different sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming”. Today Modern computers follows the generalized sets of operations which is called “Program”. Then that programs enable computers to perform an extremely wide range of tasks.

Computer is completely sets of  the hardware ,the operating system (main software ), and other peripheral equipmets needs to make computer use “full” operation can be reffered to as a computer system .Computer network and computer clusters also helps to computer works fine .

What is computer Full form ?

Computer derived from the word  “compute” , Its means calculate. Computer  is an electronic machine/device which computes arithmetic or logical data I summarise form and that shows to us. You can also say that Computer is that type of electronic device which used in fast “calculation”.

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There are allots of myth about the computer , People say the computer means that Common Operating Machine Purposely,It used for technological and Education research. But this is not right. Early computers were only conceived as calculating devices. Since ancient times, simple manual devices like the abacus aided people in doing calculations. Early in the Industrial Revolution, some mechanical devices were built to automate long tedious tasks, such as guiding patterns for looms. More sophisticated electrical machines did specialized analogue calculations in the early 20th century.

But the first computer resembling today’s modern machines was the Analytical Engine, a device which conceived and designed by British mathematician Charles Babbage between 1833 and 1871.

 

C – Commonly, O – Operated,  M – Machine,   

P – Particularly, U – Used forT – Technical

and  E – Educational, R – Research

 

 

What is Modern computers?

Concept of modern computer

The principle of the modern computer was proposed by Alan Turing in his seminal 1936 paper,

What is the Mobile computers ?

The first mobile computers were heavy and ran from mains power.

Different Types of computer 

Computers can be classified in a number of different ways, including:

On the Basis of architecture

  • Analog computer
  • Digital computer
  • Hybrid computer
  • Harvard architecture
  • Von Neumann architecture
  • Reduced instruction set computer

On the Basis of Size and form-factor

  • Mainframe computer
  • Supercomputer
  • Minicomputer
  • Microcomputer
  • Workstation
  • Personal computer
  • Laptop
  • Tablet computer
  • Smartphone
  • Single-board computer
What is Hardware?

The term hardware covers all of those parts of a computer that are tangible physical objects. Circuits, computer chips, graphic cards, sound cards, memory (RAM), motherboard, displays, power supplies, cables, keyboards, printers and “mice” input devices are all hardware.

What is Multitasking?

While a computer may be viewed as running one gigantic program stored in its main memory, in some systems it is necessary to give the appearance of running several programs simultaneously

What is Software?

Software refers to parts of the computer which do not have a material form, such as programs, data, protocols, etc. Software is that part of a computer system that consists of encoded in formation or computer instructions, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built.

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Computers are categorised on basis of generatiom.

 

First generation computers: (1940-1956) based on “Vacuum tubes”.

The first generation of computers used Vaccum tubes for circuitry and Magnetic Drum for memory. They used to be very big in size. A lot of power was used to run them.

Being too big, it also had a lot of heat problem due to which it was also malfunctioned many times. This Machine Language was used to. For example, UNIVAC and  ENIAC computers.


Second-generation computers: (1956-1963) based on ” Transistors”

In second-generation computers, transistors replaced vacuum tubes. Transistor took very less space, was smaller, was faster, was cheaper and was more energy efficient. They used to generate less heat than the first generation computers, but still there was a problem of heat in it.

High level programming languages ​​like COBOL and FORTRAN were used in them.

 Third generation computers: (1964-1971) based on “Integrated Circuits”

Integrated Circuit was first used in third-generation computers. In which the transistors were cut into small silicon chip which is called Semi-Conductor. Due to this, the ability to do computer processing increased to a great extent.

For the first time, monitors, keyboards and operating systems were used to make computers of this generation more user friendly. It was launched in the market for the first time.

 

Fourth-generation computers: (1971- Present) Based on “Microprocessors”

This is the speciality of the Forth generation that Microprocessor was used in it. Thousands of integrated circuits were embedded into a single silicon chip. This made it very easy to reduce the size of the machine.

The use of microprocessor increased the efficiency of the computer even more. This very work was able to do a lot of calculations.

 

 Fifth-generation computers: (Present and Beyond) based on ”Artificial Intelligence”

Fifth-generation belongs to today’s Dor, where Artificial Intelligence has established its dominance. Now, many new technologies like Speech recognition, Parallel Processing, Quantum Calculation have been used in the new technology.

This is a generation where due to the computer’s artificial intelligence, the ability to make decisions on its own has come. Gradually all its works will be automated.

 

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Who Invented the Computer?

Some people might have been discouraged, but not Babbage. Instead of simplifying his design to make the Difference Engine easier to build, he turned his attention to an even grander idea — the Analytical Engine, a new kind of mechanical computer that could make even more complex calculations, including multiplication and division.

What did you teach today?

You have got the introduction of computers and knew his full form.   Easily now you can answer what the computer says. I request all of you readers that you should share this information in your neighbourhood, relatives and friends so that our awareness will be there and it will benefit everyone. I need your support so that I can convey more new information to you.

It has always been my endeavour that I always help my readers or readers from all sides, if you people have any doubt of any kind, then you can ask me irresponsibly.

I will definitely try to solve those Doubts. Who did you call this article, how did you feel? Tell us by writing a comment so that we too have a chance to learn something from your ideas and improve something.

 

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